8 Sentence Patterns for Academic and Technical Writing

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(From Concise Guide to Technical and Academic Writing.)

An expert academic or technical writer needs only a few basic sentence patterns to produce easy-to-understand writing. Each of the sentence patterns below will result in clear academic or technical writing. However, do not use any one pattern more than twice in a row to prevent the writing from sounding repetitive and boring. Also, use the more complex sentence patterns less frequently. They are more challenging for the reader and may make the writing overall more complex than necessary.

All effective sentence patterns start with the Subject-Verb-Object (S-V-O) sentence structure. Optional components are additional S-V-O structures and descriptive words, phrases, and clauses (D), which can be placed in various locations.

In the samples below, the subjects are underlined, and the main verbs are in italics.

1. Simple sentence (S-V-O): A simple sentence has one subject–verb pair. It starts with the subject…

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Tin Can API


Tin Can API (or ‘Experience API’) is one of the most extensively discussed technical topics amongst learning professionals all over the world today. This is mainly because of the relevance it carries in today’s world of ‘Learning Transformation’. Most discussions revolve around the technical aspects related to the definition and implementation of the standard, which is crucial at this stage of its evolution.

SCORM или Tin Can?

Стандарт дистанционного обучения Tin Can API (или Experience API) сегодня широко обсуждается среди специалистов elearning. В основном потому что он является передовым стандартом обучения, а в современном мире вопрос трансформации сферы образования очень значим.

Пока большинство дискуссий вращается вокруг технических аспектов Tin Can. Однако, в дополнение к этому важно разобраться в целесообразности применения этого стандарта в обучении.

Tin Can API обладает рядом преимуществ по сравнению со стандартом SCORM. С его помощью можно получить наиболее полную картину о процессе обучения каждого студента, в том числе из разных СДО и с различных устройств.